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Methodology

The investigations of the four topographical areas call for different survey techniques:

 

a)     the strategy for the flat area is the intensive survey of 50 x 50 m. blocks with an average coverage of 20 % (fieldwalkers spaced 10 m. apart). The grid is set up by PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) with GPS using maps as background. Field recording is done by PDA with GPS. A paper backup of field data is kept during the survey. The survey results in a combination of chronological density maps of off-site pottery recorded in the surveyed blocks and site distribution. Sites are sampled individually (revisits). The aim is to cover as many contiguous fields as possible. Considering that ploughing of fields is done in a bianual rotating system, it may take three campaigns to cover all territory south and north of lake Džarylgač. Except for obviously recent objects, all artefacts are collected.

b)    on the inland slopes individual north-south running ridges are surveyed upslope towards the east-west running ridge with an average coverage of 20 %. Field recording is done by PDA. Individual artefacts, pottery scatters, kurgans and possible pastoral structures are mapped. The fieldwork results in distribution maps of artefacts, sites and pastoral structures. Except for obviously recent objects, all artefacts are collected. Geophysical surveys is carried out on selected identified sites.

c)     the survey of the top of the ridge is aimed at detailed mapping of (groups of) kurgan mound burials using Total Station and remote sensing as well as intensive survey of their immediate surroundings using PDA.

d)  trial trenches are excavated at selected sites analysed by geophysical survey in order to secure stratified chronological data. 

e)     revisits of sites that were mapped in the 2006 emergency survey by Sergei Koltuchov and other sites known near the survey area targeted by DSP.

f)   the processing of field data and finds is done in an Access database, a structure developed by GIA and adjusted to the DSP.


Photo by Elly Weistra 

Photo by Wieke de Neef

 Photo by Pia Guldager Bilde

Photo by Sander Tiebackx

 Photo by Pia Guldager Bilde

 Photo by Pia Guldager Bilde

       

 


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